As we have had a great and successful Quarter Century Wireless Association (QCWA) Conference. It is time now to look at some of the ways that we can make our Moon Habitat better.
Most of the problems we had are correctable with some expense. We will also soon increase the capabilities of our habitat. A couple more photo voltaic solar panels to charge the deep cycle batteries and a couple more batteries as well. The AC power draw came to be more than what we could supply but an over kill system would have also had an unnecessary cost. The QCWA has agreed to allow us assistance in making the communication closer to the standards required to communicate with the International Space Station and Satellites. The QCWA will give our club members instruction to allow them the ability to challenge a radio license exam. Should our members decide to take this instruction at a later time it is offered at the Calgary Aerospace Museum for a nominal fee throughout the year. We need to continue to develop the heating panels made from Moon dust so that the system is linked properly to provide the storage of heat required to heat the habitat.
We will improve on our aeroponic system to show more growth of plant life in our simulated Moon dust. We will also develop a better lighting system, and process for developing oxygen and food production. We will improve and develop our Moon habitat to demonstrate a closer simulation of the needs to sustain life on the Moon.
Jim building lighting shades to provide the simulation sunlight. This is to accellerate growth of plants for oxygen and food production
Thank You To The QCWA
Thank you to the Quarter Century Wireless Association (QCWA) from the Calgary Space Workers Society (CSW) for their help and encouragement during the September Conference. Special thanks are also extended to the executives Ken Oelke and Jack Ambler for their encouragement and support. We had over seventy visitors from the conference and general public to view our simulated moon habitat. All but a couple were enthusiastic with the concept of using today’s technology to build a life supporting facility in space. We were enriched with the ideas and possibilities that were brought up in conversations with many individuals. Almost everyone who visited left their E-mail address to continue in the involvement of passing on ideas. The QCWA National Conference has been a landmark of opportunity in the future development of the CSW.
Sincerely Michael Bakk,CaptainCalgary Space Workers Society
Moon Society AffiliationBy Michael Bakk
The Calgary Space Workers Society is now an affiliation with the Moon Society (www.moonsociety.org) and will strive toward common goals. The president of the Moon Society, Peter Kokh and author of the Moon Miners Manifesto have offered several ideas to continue in our research station habitat in Drumheller, Alberta. Several ideas on our expansion to the inflatable corridor and modules have opened many avenues for future development. The Moon Society will be working with us toward our Moon habitation goals.
The Calgary Space Workers Society is now in need for a place to hold a presentation. The President of the Moon Society, Peter Kokh with his over twenty years of research into the colonization of the moon has offered to present on this subject. Other local speakers will also be able to present at the function. Mr. Kokh preferred to visit Canada prior to the end of this December if at all possible. Please contact me at firstname.lastname@example.org
Can we own land on the moon?
By Michael Bakk
As we know we are not there yet so the closest we can get for now is to consider the growing demand of orbital slot allocations for today’s satellites and policies around them.
Satellites of today operate mostly on three orbital bands Low Earth Orbit (LEO), Medium Earth Orbit (MEO), Geostationary Earth Orbit (GEO). There are as of 2004, six hundred and twenty (620) operational satellites in one of these three orbits. The satellites make up of about two hundred and seventy (270) in LEO, up to fifty (50) in MEO and a little over three hundred (300) in GEO. Depending on the type of services needed most satellites will be set in a particular slot around the earth.
A satellites orbital slot determines the types of service it can provide. For remote sensing LEO is often used. The MEO is often the location used for critical navigation systems such as the GPS and the upcoming European Union Galileo system. Most communications and weather satellites are positioned into a GEO slot over the earth. The GEO is different than others in that the orbital movement of the satellites at this altitude is in synch with the earth’s 24hour rotation. This causes the satellite to appear to remain in a stationary location over a single area of the earth. This eliminates the need to buy vary expensive tracking receivers.
The International Telecommunications Union (ITU) convention states that satellites radio efficiency and economical operation must be maintained so that countries or groups of countries may have equitable access to both. In this case we are speaking of the GEO orbital slots that are allocated by the ITU. The language used is interpreted as meaning that such a position should be made available on a first-come first-serve basis. In order so that the frequency interference does not occur GEO satellites are required to maintain at least 2 degrees of orbital separation, depending on the band used for transmitting, receiving and the "field of view" of their ground antennas. This leaves room for a maximum of 180 satellites that could be in the prime equator orbital path. In the most desired equatorial slots across the USA there is room for only 38 satellites.
Over the years the increase demands for the most desired orbital slots have caused space actors to file requests for orbital slots prematurely and/or in great quantity. This caused a backlog at the ITU and delays for legitimate requests. In 1992, a conflict occurred when a company called Pasifik Satellite Nuantana (PSN) of Indonesia launched a satellite and placed it in a vacant GEO slot that was registered to a company called Tonga through the ITU. Indonesia and PSN refused to abide by the ITU ruling. The dispute escalated in July of 1993 when a U.S. firm leased the slot from Tonga and orbited a satellite into position but too close for comfort for PSN. In 1996 Tonga leased the same slot to a Chinese company which prompted PSN to jam the satellite. Ultimately PSN abandon their satellite. Perhaps the most disturbing however, is that the ITU could not stop Indonesia’s or PSN’s actions.
Compounding the problem that the ITU was having with the ability to stop PSN was that space actors registered slots but were not paying up as agreed. In year 2000 the ITU predicted a short fall of 16 million for the year 2004 and this would continue annually through to 2007. The ITU has tried to collect money owed for slots registered but then finally accepted help from Ad Hoc Group- Cost Recovery for Satellite Network Filings. The Ad Hoc Group has formed the methodology behind the charge for filing and made recommendations to the ITU.
The increased use of space inevitably leads to an increased demand for the portions that are available and progress in the ability to have colonies on the moon will be no exception. Efforts to undermine the ITU’s legitimacy could be a cause for concern in the future and progress will be needed toward the use of the Moon as well. It is however, a thought for future explorers who want to live in space and on the moon. What methodology can we use for filings and what charge can we make? How can we enforce a lease for the space or land? How can we collect?
Although we can see the difficulties in such a task one must realize that it has already started with the ITU. One must also realize that it can be done.
Information source: Space Security 2004 by Mr. Simon Collard-Wexler, Ms. Jessy Cowan-Sharp, Ms. Sarah Estabrooks, Amb. Thomas Graham Jr., Dr. Robert Lawson and Dr. Willium Marshall
Headquarters to Inflatable Habitats
By Michael Bakk
What do you think we should build first? The corridor is a definite necessity so we can leave the headquarters and even run electrical conduit and pipe to supply the needs of the extended modules, but what then? The plan is to build our shop first so as to have the additives, resins and equipment to mix with the Moons soil and build the rest of the habitat. The plan is to have this module as a hard shell as well. It seems to us that in order to bootstrap our way along there will be a need to have a couple things to ensure a strong start. The plan is to use a cargo trailer that is much like ones you see used to carry racecars to the races. This trailer will have the ability to have some additional rooms if necessary and an assortment of tools/materials etc. for the use of building and repairing the rest of the habitat. A simulated air-lock can also provide the ability to repair a rover inside the shop and act as a door large enough to remove some prefab module sections. Next will be the wetlands biosphere project. This will likely be a dome building out of a similar material as the corridor and be the first inflatable module other than the corridor. The last planned at this time would be a dorm module and then maybe a lab or common area. It is important that other designs be experimented with and we are encouraging the members to build their own living quarters of their own design. We will however, join as a collective group for manufacturing. The plan is also to consider underground modules to extend the radiation shielding, thermo protection and thermo flux of a habitat exposed to direct sun, small meteors, solar winds etc.
Our Future Plans For Public Awareness and Satellite Communication
By Michael Bakk
The headquarters contains life support to live is space but also contains most of the equipment that is needed for communication with the International Space Station (ISS) and other satellites.
As we continue to move forward and get the last couple components we at the Calgary Space Workers Society (CSW) will have members trained through the Quarter Century Wireless Association (QCWA) and licensed to operate ham radio equipment. The QCWA has volunteered to assist our interested members in challenging the Ham Radio License. This license is needed for communication with the ISS. Also, when anyone is applying for permission to communicate with ISS, the equipment specification that is to be used is required information. This is to make sure you are properly prepared. The high cost of this equipment is another reason for placing the specs on the form, as it is not common equipment for all enthusiasts of ham radio operation. We look forward to the opportunities ahead for encouraging more involvement in space and communication.
The CSW is putting this equipment and expertise together to encourage high schools and other educational facilities to apply to speak to the ISS. Last time this was done by Brian Jackson of Alberta and his team there was five hundred and seventy (570) students listening over the shoulders of the few students who were chosen to initiate the questions on behalf of their educational facility. This set up for the students also took a significant amount of time and effort. A mobile satellite communication centre would be an ideal solution to replace the hours of preparation required. The CSW will thus be able to bring its mobile satellite communication centre to any location in Canada or the United States to supplement the education of students who apply for this opportunity.
We at the CSW are committed to this project and will enjoy showing off the other aspects of our Lunar habitat demonstrator and encourage further study of space travel
What is a living wallBy JimOldfield
photo credit Furbish Company
A living wall is a vertical garden. Plants are rooted in compartments between two sheets of fibrous material anchored to a wall. Water trickles down between the sheets and feeds moss, vines and other plants. Bacteria on the roots of the plants metabolize air impurities such as volatile organic compounds.
Second-order walls contain only plants and some insects, while third-order walls house fish and salamanders in a pool at the bottom of the wall, where the trickling water is captured before being filtered and recirculated to the top again.
'Active walls' are joined to a building's air circulation system. Fans blow air through the wall and then recirculate the air throughout the building. Some active walls are kept behind glass to create more predictable airflow effects.
'Inactive walls' have no mechanized air circulation. Instead, they are kept open to promote as much free air circulation as possible.
The living wall is a form of urban agriculture or urban gardening. It may be built as a work of art for its beauty. It is sometimes built indoors to help cure sick building syndrome or otherwise increase the oxygen levels in recirculated air from too high levels on carbon dioxide, formaldehyde and other toxins.
It is also a means for water reuse, at least as utility water. The plants may purify slightly polluted water (such as grey water) by digesting the dissolved nutrients. Bacteria mineralise the organic components to make them available to the plants.
Next Meeting November 4, 2006 at 9:00 am until Noon.
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Calgary Space Workers Society
7420 Farrell Rd. S.E.
Calgary, Alberta, Canada, Planet Earth T2H-0T6
Phone (403) 259-6809
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For the location of our meetings and our Research & Development Centre contact an active member to be nominated to join our society or contact Captain, Michael Bakk with your CV or background information for membership nomination